The Gutierrez-Magee or Magee-Gutierrez expedition of –13 was an early filibustering expedition against Spanish Texas. The expedition took place against the background of growing unrest in Mexico against Spanish rule. In January a former militia captain named Juan Bautista de las Casas, inspired by the Diez y Seis revolt in Guanajuato, led an insurrectionist movement against the . The Gutierrez–Magee Expedition was an –13 joint Mexican-US filibustering expedition against Spanish Texas during the early years of the Mexican War of Independence. One may also ask, who led the Gutierrez Magee expedition? Bernardo Gutierrez de Lara. Beside above, what was the primary goal of the Gutierrez Magee expedition? Invade Texas and make it free from Spanish rule with the support of US. .
The Handbook of Texas is free-to-use thanks to the support of readers like you. Support the Thhe today. No thank you, I am not pkrpose in joining. The expedition took place against the background of growing unrest in Mexico against Spanish rule.
Claiborne, who introduced him to William Shalera consular officer seeking purpsoe enter New Spain as an observer for President James Madison. Shaler became the principal adviser of the expedition.
Many adventurers, some of whom hoped to win Texas for the United States, assembled at or near Natchitoches, Louisiana, to form the nucleus of an invading army. Shaler enlisted the aid of Lt, Augustus W. Crossing the Sabine with some men on August 8,Magee scattered royalist frontier detachments and wha Nacogdoches on August When reinforcements increased this force to aboutMagee asked for terms of surrender.
Salcedo's offer was so unsatisfactory that uprpose filibusters decided to fight. Before any decisive action had taken place, Magee died on February 6,and Samuel Kemper succeeded to the command. Under Kemper's leadership, the expedition won its greatest success.
Salcedo, defeated in two attacks on February 10 and 13, retreated toward San Antonio on February Salcedo surrendered San Antonio unconditionally on April 1. On April 3 he reportedly permitted the execution of Salcedo and fourteen royalist officers, including Herrera.
Organization of the Spanish effort to recover Texas fell to Col. Ignacio Elizondo and Gen. Acting more or less independently, Elizondo expedifion siege to San Antonio sas men. Reuben Rosssuccessor purppse Kemper in command of the Americans, advised a retreat; but, how to get a job in mi5 a council of war refused to support him, he resigned and was followed by Henry Perry.
Toledo had arrived at Natchitoches on April 4,and had aroused Shaler's interest. A series of petty plots within plots kept Toledo out of Texas for four months, but American leaders in San Antonio finally agreed to Shaler's plan.
Toledo arrived at Bexar by August 1. Most of the Americans supported the new commander; but several Mexicans, led by Col. With a small army badly demoralized by intrigues, Toledo succeeded in moving from San Antonio on August 15,too late to prevent a junction between Arredondo and Elizondo. Three days later, in the battle of the Medinathe royalists routed the republicans and filibusters; most of the survivors fled back toward Louisiana. Arredondo then entered San Gutiererz- and proceeded with the harsh pacification of Texas.
In San Antonio royalists shot persons, and in Nacogdoches one of Arredondo's lieutenants carried out a similarly bloody purge. Henry P. Walker, ed. The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry. Support Texas History Now. Time Exoedition Spanish Texas. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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Jan 16, · The Gutierrez-Magee Expedition was a major news story in the United States and was, indeed, the first time the American people truly learned about the region known as Texas. The Spanish on their frontiers, long an abstraction, became a reality, Painted in a brush colored by war, they became identified with brutality, betrayal, and hostility to republican values. E arly in August , Gutierrez and Magee led an expedition into Texas to establish the Republic of the North at the expense of Spain. Magee led their "army," largely composed of adventurers and more residents of the Neutral Ground—the kind of folks who liked an absence of law enforcement. Jan 16, · The Gutierrez-Magee Expedition. On August 8, , an army of approximately men, mostly Americans, crossed the Sabine River into the Spanish province of Texas under a green flag and a lofty name, the Republican Army of the North, to make common cause with the revolutionary movement in New Spain. The Gutierrez-Magee Expedition, the largest of all American private military .
Welcome to Texas Escapes A magazine written by Texas. Custom Search. N ationalist activities abounded in Spain's Northern Provinces Texas during the first two decades of the nineteenth century. In response to Father Hidalgo's unsuccessful revolt against Royal control in Guanajuato in September , the Juan Bautista de las Casas led a similar movement in San Antonio the next year that succeeded in gaining temporary control of the town. The U. August Magee, who was stationed at Fort Jessup. The expedition captured Nacogdoches easily, then moved on southwestward to La Bahia Goliad , where they met and eventually defeated Spanish forces.
There the expedition stalled while intrigue added the flavor of the movement. Arrendondo then executed survivors of the expedition as well as anyone in Nacogdoches or San Antonio who had cooperated with them. This suppression delayed but did not end efforts to free Mexico from Spain's control or the westward expansion of the United States, but it did constitute one interesting chapter in the progress of both movements. Archie P. McDonald is director of the Association and author of more than 20 books on Texas.
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