What is Ammonia?
Ammonia | NH3 or H3N | CID - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety. Ammonia (NH3), colourless, pungent gas composed of nitrogen and hydrogen. It is the simplest stable compound of these elements and serves as a starting material for the production of many commercially important nitrogen compounds.
Ammoniaa colorless gas with wha distinct odor, is a building-block chemical and a key component in the manufacture of many products people use every day.
It occurs naturally throughout the environment in the air, soil and water and in plants and animals, including humans.
The human body makes ammonia when the body breaks down foods compounv protein wha amino acids and ammonia, then converting the ammonia into urea.
Ammonia is a basic building block for ammonium nitrate fertilizerwhich releases nitrogen, an essential nutrient for growing typr, including farm crops and lawns. About 90 percent of ammonia produced worldwide is whwt in fertilizer, to help copound food production for billions of people around the world. The production of food crops naturally depletes soil nutrient supplies. In order to maintain healthy crops, farmers rely on fertilizer to keep their soils productive.
Fertilizers also can also help increase levels of essential nutrients like zinc, selenium and boron in food crops. Ammonium hydroxide — commonly known as household ammonia — is an ingredient in many household cleaning products used to clean a variety of surfaces including tubs, sinks, toilets, countertops and tiles.
Ammonia also is effective at breaking down household grime or stains from animal fats or vegetable oils, such as cooking grease and wine stains. Because js evaporates quickly, it is commonly used in glass cleaning solutions to help avoid streaking. When used as a refrigerant gas and in air-conditioning equipment, ammonia can absorb substantial amounts of heat from its surroundings. Ammonia can be used to purify water supplies and as a building block in the manufacture of many products including plastics, explosives, fabrics, pesticides and dyes.
Ammonia also is used in the waste and wastewater treatment, cold storage, rubber, pulp and paper and food and beverage industries as a stabilizer, neutralizer and a source of nitrogen. It also is used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals. When using cleaning products containing ammonia, follow what to say during a funeral speech instructions on the product label, make sure the area is well ventilated open windows and doors and wear proper clothing and eye protection.
Ammonia exposure can irritate skin, eyes and lungs. Do not mix ammonia with chlorine bleachas this produces toxic gases called chloramines.
Copmound to chloramine gases can cause coughing, shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, irritation to the how to make a house warmer, nose and eyes or pneumonia and fluid in the lungs.
Swallowing a cleaning product that contains ammonia can burn the mouth, throat, and stomach and cause severe abdominal pain. If a cleaning product containing ammonia is accidentally ingested, read the product label for safety instructions, or call typr National Poison Control Center atand be sure to comppund the label from the cleaning product in fo.
Medical tests coompound detect ammonia in blood or urine. But because ammonia occurs naturally in the environment, people are regularly exposed to low levels of ammonia in air, soil and water, so these test results are not considered effective biomarkers of exposure. About 90 percent of ammonia produced is used how to add notes in microsoft word fertilizer, to help sustain food production for billions of people around the world.
Ammonia has other important uses; for example in household cleaning products and in manufacturing other products. Ammoniaalso known as NH 3is a colorless gas with a distinct odor composed js nitrogen and hydrogen atoms. Complund is produced naturally in the human body and in nature—in water, soil and air, even in tiny bacteria molecules. In human health, ammonia and the ammonium ion are vital components of metabolic processes.
Ammonia occurs naturally and is found throughout the environment in soil, air, and water. Ammonia also is renewed naturally as part of the nitrogen cycle that already occurs as whay fertilize. As a result of this natural process, ammonia does not last long in the environment, and it also does not bioaccumulate. Ammonia has a what type of compound is ammonia distinct, pungent odor, described as similar to sweat or cat urine. Strong, briny cheeses like brie can also smell like ammonia.
Cheeses even have small amounts of ammonia in them, compoudn a natural by-product of the cheese aging process. Ammonia occurs naturally in the environmentso everyone is exposed to low levels at one point or another.
It is possible for a person to be exposed to higher levels of ammonia when using cleaning products containing ammonia, or if they live on or near farms where fertilizers are used. No health effects have been found in humans ammknia to typical amounts of ammonia that exist in the environment.
Tweets by AmChemistry. Home Ammonia Ammonium hydroxide Ammonia. Ammonia in Household Cleaning Products Ammonium hydroxide — commonly known as household ammonia — is an ingredient in many household cleaning products used to clean a variety of surfaces including tubs, sinks, toilets, countertops and tiles.
Back to Whta. Safety Information When using cleaning products containing ammonia, follow all instructions on the product label, make sure the area is well ventilated open windows and doors and wear proper clothing and eye protection. Answering Questions What is ammonia used for? What is ammonia? What happens to ammonia in the environment? What does ammonia smell like? How might I be exposed to ammonia? How can ammonia exposure affect my health?
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Sep 27, · Yeah it is covalent. (you can tell cos ammonia NH3 contains no metal atoms). Jan 19, · Ammonia is a chemical compound that consists of one nitrogen atom and three hydrogen atoms tightly bonded, which gives it the chemical symbol NH 3. It can take the form of a strong-smelling liquid or gas. Many consumer and commercial products contain this alkaline substance, including many products that are used to clean grime or fertilize crops. Mar 23, · Ammonia, also known as NH 3, is a colorless gas with a distinct odor composed of nitrogen and hydrogen atoms. It is produced naturally in the human body and in nature—in water, soil and air, even in tiny bacteria molecules. In human health, ammonia and the ammonium ion are vital components of metabolic processes.
Ammonia is a chemical compound that consists of one nitrogen atom and three hydrogen atoms tightly bonded, which gives it the chemical symbol NH 3. It can take the form of a strong-smelling liquid or gas. Many consumer and commercial products contain this alkaline substance, including many products that are used to clean grime or fertilize crops.
This chemical is hazardous, and even in low concentrations, inhaling it or getting the solution on the skin can cause burning, fainting or possible death. Caution should always be used when one is handling this chemical. A tiny amount of ammonia forms when organic matter decomposes, so the gas can be found naturally in the Earth's atmosphere.
Most of the ammonia that is used is produced through artificial means, however, by bonding the nitrogen and hydrogen atoms together by force. Then the gas can be pressurized to form a liquid for easy distribution to manufacturing plants. As a gas, this substance is lighter than air, so it won't pool indoors like other dangerous gases, such as propane. Although ammonia has a pungent, distinctive odor, it is clear and difficult to ignite unless it is highly concentrated.
This makes it safer than other chemicals for household use, because most people will recognize the smell and avoid touching the chemical or inhaling its fumes. Ammonia is easily incorporated into water as a solution, so it is used in many cleaners.
Window sprays, oven cleaning foams, toilet bowl cleansers, wax removers and other household cleansers often contain 5 percent to 10 percent ammonia.
Some types of cleaners should never be mixed. For example, ammonia and bleach form a very dangerous gas, called chloramine, that shouldn't be inhaled. Commercial cleansers, which often contain 25 percent to 30 percent ammonia, are extremely dangerous because they are highly corrosive. Under careful oversight, liquid ammonia also is used to etch metals such as aluminum and copper , to refrigerate rooms or trucks and to dissolve other elements in chemistry labs.
Most of the ammonia that is produced goes to fertilizing crops by providing absorbable nitrogen to plants. Manufacturers of plastics, pesticides and dyes also use the liquid at some point in their synthesizing processes. At one time, cotton balls were often soaked in ammonia and sealed inside bottles. People who fainted were revived with a whiff of the strong smell. This was generally safe, as long as it wasn't done frequently.
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