HIV Treatment Overview
Oct 17, · HIV medicine is called antiretroviral therapy (ART). There is no effective cure for HIV. But with proper medical care, you can control HIV. Most people can get the virus under control within six months. Taking HIV medicine does not prevent transmission of other sexually transmitted diseases. Sep 24, · The treatment for HIV is called antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART involves taking a combination of HIV medicines (called an HIV treatment regimen) every day. ART is recommended for everyone who has HIV. People with HIV should start taking HIV medicines as soon as possible.
HIV attacks and destroys the infection-fighting CD4 cells of the immune system. Loss of CD4 cells makes it hard for the body to fight off infections and certain HIV-related cancers. Even though there is still some HIV in the body, the immune system is strong enough to fight off infections and certain HIV-related cancers.
An undetectable viral load means that the level of HIV in the blood is too how to trade in futures in india to be detected by a viral load test. The choice of an HIV regimen depends on a person's individual needs.
When choosing an HIV regimen, people with HIV and their health care providers consider many factors, including possible side effects of HIV medicines and potential drug interactions.
Taking HIV medicines every day and exactly as prescribed called medication adherence also reduces the risk of drug resistance. But sometimes HIV medicines can cause side effects. Most side effects from HIV medicines are manageable, but a few can be serious. Overall, the benefits of HIV medicines far outweigh the risk of side effects.
In addition, newer HIV medicines cause fewer side effects than medicines used in the past. Health care providers carefully consider potential drug interactions before recommending an HIV regimen.
The most effective treatment for HIV is antiretroviral therapy (ART). This is a combination of several medicines that aims to control the amount of virus in your body. Antiretroviral medicines slow the rate at which the virus grows. Taking these medicines can reduce the . Mar 29, · HIV treatment involves taking medicines that slow the progression of the virus in your body. HIV is a type of virus called a retrovirus, and the combination of drugs used to treat it is called antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART is recommended for all people living with HIV, regardless of how long they’ve had the virus or how healthy they funlovestory.comted Reading Time: 4 mins. Sep 15, · According to the Food and Drug Administration, the recommended HIV treatment consists of a regimen of medications called Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). The National Institutes of Health (NIH) breaks these into five classes of prescription drugs: RT inhibitors, which interfere with Estimated Reading Time: 3 mins.
HIV can be diagnosed through blood or saliva testing. Available tests include:. These tests usually involve drawing blood from a vein. Antigens are substances on the HIV virus itself and are usually detectable — a positive test — in the blood within a few weeks after exposure to HIV. Antibodies are produced by your immune system when it's exposed to HIV.
It can take weeks to months for antibodies to become detectable. Talk to your doctor about which HIV test is right for you. If any of these tests are negative, you may still need a follow-up test weeks to months later to confirm the results.
If you've been diagnosed with HIV , it's important to find a specialist trained in diagnosing and treating HIV to help you:. Your doctor might also order lab tests to check for other infections or complications, including:. Once you have the infection, your body can't get rid of it. However, there are many medications that can control HIV and prevent complications. These medications are called antiretroviral therapy ART.
ART is usually a combination of three or more medications from several different drug classes. This approach has the best chance of lowering the amount of HIV in the blood.
Each class of drugs blocks the virus in different ways. Treatment involves combinations of drugs from different classes to:. For ART to be effective, it's important that you take the medications as prescribed, without missing or skipping any doses.
Staying on ART with an undetectable viral load helps:. Staying on HIV therapy can be challenging. It's important to talk to your doctor about possible side effects, difficulty taking medications, and any mental health or substance use issues that may make it difficult for you to maintain ART.
Having regular follow-up appointments with your doctor to monitor your health and response to treatment is also important. Let your doctor know right away if you're having problems with HIV therapy so that you can work together to find ways to address those challenges. Some health issues that are a natural part of aging may be more difficult to manage if you have HIV. Some medications that are common for age-related heart, bone or metabolic conditions, for example, may not interact well with anti- HIV medications.
It's important to talk to your doctor about your other health conditions and the medications you're taking. If you are started on medications by another doctor, it's important to let him or her know about your HIV therapy. This will allow the doctor to make sure there are no interactions between the medications. These will be initially checked at two and four weeks, and then every three to six months. Treatment should lower your viral load so that it's undetectable in the blood.
That doesn't mean your HIV is gone. Even if it can't be found in the blood, HIV is still present in other places in your body, such as in lymph nodes and internal organs. Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this condition. Along with receiving medical treatment, it's essential to take an active role in your own care.
The following suggestions may help you stay healthy longer:. People who are infected with HIV sometimes try dietary supplements that claim to boost the immune system or counteract side effects of anti- HIV drugs.
However, there is no scientific evidence that any nutritional supplement improves immunity, and many may interfere with other medications you're taking. Always check with your doctor before taking any supplements or alternative therapies to ensure there are no medication interactions. Practices such as yoga, meditation and tai chi have been shown to reduce stress, as well as improve blood pressure and quality of life.
Receiving a diagnosis of any life-threatening illness is devastating. But today, there are many services and resources available to people with HIV. It's important to have a support system.
If you think you might have HIV infection, you're likely to start by seeing your family doctor. Before your appointment, consider answering these questions and take them to your doctor's visit:. Your doctor will ask you questions about your health and lifestyle. Your doctor will perform a complete physical exam, checking you for:. If you think you might have HIV infection, take steps to protect yourself and others before your appointment. Don't have unprotected sex.
If you use injectable drugs, always use a fresh, clean needle. Don't share needles with others. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care.
This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Diagnosis HIV can be diagnosed through blood or saliva testing. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Jameson JL, et al. Human immunodeficiency virus disease: AIDS and related disorders. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. The McGraw-Hill Companies; Accessed Dec. Sax PE. Acute and early HIV infection: Clinical manifestations and diagnosis.
Sax PE, et al. The natural history and clinical features of HIV infection in adults and adolescents. Ferri FF. Human immunodeficiency virus. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor Elsevier; Hardy WD, et al. HIV testing and counseling. Oxford University Press; AIDS and opportunistic infections. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Pollack TM, et al. Primary care of the HIV-infected adult.
John's Wort. Natural Medicines. HIV Basics. HIV treatment as prevention. Human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection: Wasting syndrome. Mayo Clinic; Mahmood M expert opinion. Mayo Clinic. Who should get tested? Accessed Oct. Human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection: Antiretroviral therapy. Human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection: Risk factors. Testing overview. Accessed Nov. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.