What Is Normal Blood Pressure? Ideal Levels for Men, Women, and Children
The preliminary results suggest that in people with high blood pressure, achieving a systolic blood pressure (the first number in a reading) of millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) in-stead of mm Hg can substantially lower a person's risk of heart attack, stroke, heart failure, and death. To continue reading this article, you must log in. Blood pressure numbers of less than /80 mm Hg are considered within the normal range. If your results fall into this category, stick with heart-healthy habits like .
Image: iStock. If you're concerned about heart disease, discuss your blood pressure target with your doctor. Earlier this fall, federal officials stopped a major blood pressure study a full year earlier than planned, based on what they called "potentially lifesaving benefits" from the findings.
The preliminary results suggest that in people with high blood pressure, achieving a systolic blood pressure the first number in a reading of millimeters of mercury mm Hg in-stead of mm Hg can substantially lower a person's risk of heart attack, stroke, heart failure, and death.
That target of mm Hg is lower than the current blood pressure treatment guidelines recommend. In fact, two years ago, a group of hypertension experts suggested that people ages 60 or older how to format nokia 5310 a higher blood pressure target.
The reason: many older people already take multiple medications, and taking several blood pressure drugs to reach a lower goal could put them at risk for side effects and drug interactions. Understandably, the latest news has left some people confused, says Dr.
Now you're saying I've got to get to ? The full details of the still-unpublished study known as the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial, or SPRINT need to be scrutinized and considered together with data from similar trials, he says. But the information could have a significant impact on a large number of people who have or are at risk of cardiovascular disease. They were also at in-creased risk for heart disease or had kidney disease.
Half the participants took blood pressure drugs to reach a systolic blood pressure of mm Hg, which required an average of two medications. The others aimed for a goal of mm Hg, which required an average of three medications. The incidence of heart attacks, strokes, and heart failure was nearly one-third lower among the people who reached the lower blood pressure goal. These findings don't necessarily mean that the lower goal makes sense for everyone with high blood pressure, says Dr.
O'Gara: "We know that achieving a goal of mm Hg or lower will probably require people to take more medications, and that could translate into more side effects. They may also be less likely to take the drugs altogether. In addition, we don't yet know whether or to what extent the people in the study were able to make lifestyle changes to lower their blood pressure.
But such changes are vital for anyone with high blood pressure, Dr. O'Gara says. Eating a healthy low-salt diet, exercising, and managing stress take more effort than taking a pill, but these habits can nudge down your blood pressure how to cook ginataang kamoteng kahoy improve your overall health.
If you're carrying a few extra pounds, losing weight can help, too. Being overweight increases the risk of high blood pressure approximately threefold. But systolic and diastolic the second number in a reading blood pressures drop an average of 1 mm Hg for roughly every pound of weight lost. For some people, losing 20 or 30 pounds could move their blood pressure down to a healthy range.
It usually takes years before high blood pressure at least, in the range being studied in this trial causes serious cardiovascular problems. So if your blood pressure is between and mm Hg, there's no need to rush to see your doctor. But it's a good idea to talk to your primary care provider about whether a lower blood pressure target would be a good idea for you. The current guidelines what are lint free cloths treating stage 1 high blood pressure hypertension but not prehypertension.
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What do your blood pressure numbers mean?
Jun 26, · Our blood pressure refers to the amount of force behind the blood as it hits the arterial walls. As the heart pumps the blood, an ideal pressure sees the blood push against the walls that are flexible enough to expand and retract easily. Over time, our age, diet, and physical activity play a role on the elasticity of our blood vessels. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is blood pressure greater than over Optimal, or normal blood pressure is / Blood pressure is made up of two numbers, systolic (top number) and diastolic (bottom number). The top number is the pressure of the blood inside your arteries at the time your heart contracts.
We depend on maintaining a normal blood pressure level to ensure all of our organs and body tissues get adequate supply of nutrients and oxygen. Stress, certain health conditions, and even our environment play a big role on fluctuating blood pressure levels. Too much pressure against the walls of the arteries can be dangerous to our health. We will look at normal blood pressure levels for children, young to middle-aged adults, and the elderly. Know your expected pressure level and learn the natural ways to maintain a normal blood pressure level.
Blood pressure is different for everyone as many factors can have an effect on the numbers. Our blood pressure refers to the amount of force behind the blood as it hits the arterial walls.
As the heart pumps the blood, an ideal pressure sees the blood push against the walls that are flexible enough to expand and retract easily. Over time, our age, diet, and physical activity play a role on the elasticity of our blood vessels.
With a loss of flexibility due to hardening of the walls, the heart needs to work harder to push the blood. These factors determine the blood pressure numbers. The systolic number is the top number, and it indicates the pressure as the heart beats or pushes the blood throughout the body.
The diastolic number is the bottom number, and refers to the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats. During this time, the heart receives oxygen as it fills with blood. Just as our blood pressure readings change according to our posture, sleep time, and stress levels throughout the day, our blood pressure changes as we age.
Despite the fluctuating or changing measurements, we should maintain a normal range. As we age, we can expect changes in our cardiovascular health, including our blood pressure and cholesterol levels. There are several factors that reflect our blood pressure levels over the years, including normal blood pressure for seniors.
We cannot stop the aging process, and this includes the aging of our heart. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle of clean eating and regular exercise can help, but cannot shield the heart from the effects of the fat deposits within the blood vessels that come with age. In addition, the walls and cells of the heart become thicker with age, which makes the heart work harder to fill with blood. Our arteries tend to narrow and weaken over time.
This reduces the elasticity of the blood vessels that is needed when the blood hits against the walls. The blood vessels are unable to perform to normal capability as they harden. The narrowing can lead to clogged passageways, resulting in stroke or a heart attack. Our ability to process dietary meats—especially red meat—is reduced over time.
This can be a factor in increased blood pressure, particularly with the added effects of digesting large amounts of salt. The daily intake as well as natural production of sodium begins to collect within our bloodstream. As the years pass, the body cannot retain fluid at the same capacity it once did. This reduces the amount of fluid in the bloodstream and will make the pressure greater within the blood vessels.
The kidneys produce hormones that signal the body to retain more water and sodium than required if they do not get sufficient blood supply. This occurs when the blood flow between the heart and the kidneys is reduced due to narrow blood vessels.
Due to our lifestyle and possible existing health conditions, we tend to partake in less physical activity or exercise as we get older. This has a damaging impact on our blood circulation and blood vessels. What is normal for a man in his 30s is not deemed a normal reading for a man in his 60s.
The following are the average blood pressures and the corresponding lows and highs for men from ages 15 to 64 years. In keeping with the normal blood pressure levels, most women fall along the same lines as men. It should be noted, however, that the female body experiences many physiological changes. Pregnancy and the menstruation cycle has a major impact on blood pressure.
While the levels can fluctuate during a pregnancy, the levels tend to increase after menopause due to the reduction of estrogen and progesterone levels. With all of the varying factors for different ages and health conditions, what is normal blood pressure range to maintain? We have supplied the chart below to make it easy to keep up with average normal blood pressures for all age groups. We are born with a low blood pressure that increases during childhood as we physically grow.
Most doctors are not concerned with the pressure reading at this time, unless the child has a disease or disorder such as diabetes or kidney problems. There are three categories the normal blood pressure for kids can fall under. For children ranging from ages 3 to 5 years, the systolic blood pressure should range from to , with a diastolic pressure reading between 63 and For children ranging from ages 6 to 9 years, the systolic blood pressure should range from to , with a diastolic pressure reading between 71 and For children ranging from ages 10 to 12 years, the systolic blood pressure should range from to , with a diastolic pressure reading between 77 and This remains the golden rule for adolescents, adults, and older adults.
By examining this number, it does not include those with issues of their blood vessels or have existing health conditions affecting the blood pressure. Monitoring the blood pressure reading is important during pregnancy to ensure that the mother and the fetus remain safe. Most females maintain a good pressure reading throughout their pregnancy, as it fluctuates due to the everchanging hormone production.
For some women, there is a risk for high blood pressure and pre-eclampsia, a life-threatening condition for both mother and unborn baby. Whether you are male or female, your health condition, family history, age, and race all play a role in developing conditions that put you at risk for high blood pressure.
It is important to maintain good health and take steps to hold normal blood pressure levels. Exercise regularly to stimulate the release of nitric acid, which opens the blood vessels and reduces the pressure of the blood flow. It also aids in getting rid of excess weight and reduce stress, two main factors of high blood pressure. It is important to maintain a healthy weight for your particular body frame in order to prevent health diseases and disorders, including high blood pressure.
Having excess weight can also lead to diabetes and heart issues. By losing at least 10 pounds of weight, you can greatly reduce a high reading of blood pressure. Consume fresh vegetables and fruit, lean meat, whole grains, fish, and nuts to keep a normal blood pressure reading. Avoid bad fats, sugary foods, processed food, and red meat. Too much sodium can increase the blood pressure.
We ingest high levels of sodium in the food we eat every day. We should only have milligrams per day. The nicotine in cigarettes makes the blood vessels narrow, increasing the pressure of the blood flow. Avoid all use of tobacco products. Alcohol can also increase blood pressure and should be avoided. If you drink, limit to one drink daily for women and two drinks for men. Normal blood pressure is not always easy to maintain as our genetic makeup and everyday stressors can make it fluctuate.
Many people can have elevated levels without even knowing. The average blood pressure measurement can vary depending on existing health conditions and age. Knowing your specific pressure measurement— and monitoring it with doctor visits and at home—can help prevent serious consequences.
Keep fit, eat well, exercise regularly, and avoid triggers to maintain a healthy normal blood pressure reading and life. Davis, V. Disclaimer: The information contained herein is for information purposes only and is not to be construed as a diagnosis, treatment, preventive, or cure for any disease, disorder, or abnormal physical state, nor should it be considered a substitute for medical care from your doctor.
On any matter relating to your health or well-being—and prior to undertaking any health-related activity—consult an appropriate health professional. The opinions herein are exactly that, they are the opinions of the author. Doctors Health Press and its employees are not responsible for medically unsupervised activities that could be harmful to your health.
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