Vet Advice: Dog Flea Allergy and What to Do About It
More than 2, different species of fleas exist throughout the world, yet one is the most common among American dogs and cats. It’s called Ctenocephalides felis, or the cat flea. That’s right. If your dog has fleas, they’re most likely cat fleas. Every pet owner should be aware of the signs of a possible flea infestation. They include. My dog was losing hair on her paws, chest, and legs. My dog originally had flees, but they were taken care of. She went to the vet and they said she was allergic to the flees so they gave her medication. Her hair grew back, but 2 weeks or so later she started to lose hair again.
The skin is flecked with scabs and hot to the touch. You may—or may not— see live fleas, or only scant flea dirt specks how to make honey mustard digested blood. But for the ones who are, the suffering can be extreme.
Many dogs will also have secondary bacterial and yeast infections as well as environmental allergies, all of which aggravate the itch. He prefers to attack Flea how far is new orleans from baton rouge louisiana dermatitis from several different directions. The first step is the year-round use of a flea preventive, which takes a while to resolve the infestation because the flea life cycle ranges from one to two months, depending on environmental conditions, and pupa can survive for up to a year before becoming adults.
Oldenhoff also advocates thorough house cleaning. Be sure to clean the furniture as well, and launder any bedding the dog sleeps on. Other Flea allergy dermatitis treatment considerations include medications for secondary bacterial and yeast infections, and a dewormer for tapeworms. Fleas harbor Dipylidium caninum larvae, aka the flea tapeworm. According to the Center for Disease Control, the risk of a Dipylidium infection is rare in humans, and the infection rarely causes harm to either humans or animals; treatment with oral praziquantel is simple and effective.
If flea control depends on flea products, and these have been used for many years, do fleas develop resistance? Hypothetically, they could, or the problem may be one of perception.
As Michael W. In fact, the problem often worsens before it improves, depending on the number of eggs deposited and survivability of larvae. Did I get it right on the skin? Did I bathe my pet too quickly, thus washing it off?
Some people use diatomaceous earth or boric acid in their homes, particularly on carpet and around baseboards. The products can be harmful if applied directly on animals as well. Both diatomaceous earth and boric acid have effects on humans and animals. Diatomaceous earth, a type of silica, can be an irritant to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Boric acid can be corrosive to the eyes and skin, cause vomiting and diarrhea, respiratory difficulties, and in large quantities seizures and coma.
Other integrative options include allergy shots and fish oil. A flea infestation can cause physical and emotional strain. No one wants fleas—not you, not your pets, not your allergic pets. We all wish there were a simple, one-step approach to creating a comfortable, flea-free home. Skip to main content. Health Care. What to do about a dog who is crazy itchy. Sign up and get the answers to your questions.
Email Address:. Flea Allergy Resources Owner-friendly information: veterinarypartner. National Pesticide Information Center: npic. My Senior Dog Is Bored! A Primer on Canine Cancers. Sign up for our newsletter and stay in the know.
What is Flea Allergy Dermatitis on Dogs?
A good shake is as natural to a dog as chewing your slippers. It’s how they work out energy, dry themselves off, and get moving after a nap. Not all shakes are happy, though. Here are some of the reasons why your dog might be shaking and what to do if you suspect a medical condition. 1. Healthy, happy dog shakes. Feb 05, · 1. Allergies. Dogs can suffer from allergies just like humans do, including food allergies and seasonal allergies. If your pooch has an allergic reaction, the most common symptom is itchiness. After the fleas are eradicated, you still need to treat the skin irritation caused by the allergic dermatitis. In mild cases, you can treat your dog with Benadryl at home to stop the allergic reaction and provide relief from the itch. A dog takes a dose of 1 mg per pound. For example, a pound dog would take one 25 mg tablet.
Fleas are a nuisance. These tiny, blood-sucking parasites irritate your dog and infest your home — often before you realize that fleas have moved in. Many dogs are allergic to flea bites, which can cause intense scratching, red and flaky skin, scabs, hot spots, and hair loss. Fleas can also cause tapeworm and anemia. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, fleas prefer animal hosts but will resort to biting people when animals are unavailable.
They can transmit germs that cause disease by feeding on hosts or through fecal contamination, when infected flea feces are scratched into an open wound. Here are the four steps you need to take to eliminate these unwelcome freeloaders. The first step is understanding the enemy. Fleas go through four life cycle stages :. The adults live on animals like your dog, where they digest blood and lay their eggs. One female flea can lay up to 2, eggs.
These eggs hatch in days and spread throughout your home and yard every time your dog scratches, shakes, or lies down. They then hatch into larvae that can move on the host and feed on blood and flea dirt digested blood from the adult fleas. During the pupa stage they form cocoons, where they wait for several days or up to one year — preferably for the fleas in the comfort of your carpet, sofa, or bed — until a warm-bodied host appears.
Then they hatch, become adults, and infest their animal hosts — such as your dog. The best way to deal with fleas is prevention. Flea and tick preventatives kill fleas that come in contact with your dog, preventing your pup from bringing them home in the first place. There are several options out there, from flea collars to topical liquid applicants and pills.
Talk to your vet about the flea preventative that is safest and right for your puppy or dog. If your dog already has fleas, these preventatives will still kill them, but you may need to take more aggressive action, like a prescription preventative.
You can also use a flea shampoo or a fast-acting chemical treatment, such as a flea pill that kills the fleas on your dog within hours. Killing the fleas on your dog is just one part of the problem. You also need to determine how to get rid of fleas in your home. This requires patience. It can take as long as three-to-four months to get rid of an infestation, as it takes this long for all of the fleas in your home to go through their life stages. When in doubt, call in the experts.
Ask your veterinarian about how to get rid of fleas on dogs, as vets are up-to-date on the latest flea treatments and preventatives and can help you find the best and safest treatment option for you and your dog.
AKC is a participant in affiliate advertising programs designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to akc. If you purchase a product through this article, we may receive a portion of the sale. Compare Breeds Compare up to 5 different breeds side by side. Dog Name Finder Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration.
Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid. Additional Resources AKC. Get Started in Dog Training. Clubs Offering: Training Classes. How to Get Rid of Dog Fleas. By Harriet Meyers Mar 30, 3 Minutes.
Mar 30, 3 Minutes. Fleas go through four life cycle stages : Egg Larva Pupa Adult The adults live on animals like your dog, where they digest blood and lay their eggs. Prevention and Treatment The best way to deal with fleas is prevention. Here are the steps you need to take to eradicate fleas in your home: Wash all dog beds and soft dog toys in hot, soapy water.
Repeat this frequently until the infestation has ended. Wash your own bedding, throw rugs, bath mats, and any blanket or cushion where your dog likes to sleep in hot water.
Vacuum all carpets, hardwood floors, linoleum, and tiled floors, curtains, and upholstered furniture, and throw away the vacuum bag immediately in an outside garbage bin.
You will need to vacuum on a regular basis to be sure all of the stages are addressed. Choose and apply an environmental flea control spray or fogger that will treat all stages of fleas, or call a local exterminator. Choose and apply a spray, pellet, or nontoxic flea treatment for your yard. Keeping grass and brush short will also make your yard less inviting to fleas and ticks.
Thank You. If you have any questions please don't hesitate to contact us at enewsletter akc. Founded in , the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health, and training information for dogs.
AKC actively advocates for responsible dog ownership and is dedicated to advancing dog sports. All rights reserved.