See synonyms for: bandit / bandits on funlovestory.com noun, plural banĚdits or (Rare) banĚditĚti [ban-dit-ee]. a robber, especially a member of a gang or marauding band. an outlaw or highwayman. English Language Learners Definition of bandit: a criminal who attacks and steals from travelers and who is often a member of a group of criminals See the full definition for bandit in the English .
Banditry is a type of organized crime committed by outlaws typically involving the threat or use of violence. A person who engages in banditry is known as a bandit and primarily commits crimes such as extortionrobberyand murdereither as an individual or in groups. Banditry is a vague concept of criminality and in modern usage can be synonymous for gangsterismbrigandagemaraudingand thievery.
The New English Dictionary on Historical Principles NED defined "bandit" in as "one who is proscribed or outlawed ; hence, a lawless desperate marauder, a brigand : usually applied to members of the organized gangs which infest the mountainous districts of Italy, Sicily, Spain, Greece, Iran, and Turkey".
In modern usage the word may become a synonym for "thief", hence the term " one-armed bandit " for gambling machines that can leave the gambler with no money. He further expanded the field in the study Bandits. Social banditry is a widespread phenomenon that has occurred in many societies throughout recorded history, and forms of social banditry still exist, as evidenced by piracy and organized crime syndicates.
Later social scientists have also discussed the term's applicability to more modern forms of crime, like street gangs and the economy associated with the trade in illegal drugs.
About 5, bandits were executed by Pope Sixtus V in the five years before his death inbut there were reputedly 27, more at liberty throughout Central Italy. Any opposition was suppressed with maximum force and, usually, the mass murder of civilians living in partisan -controlled areas. Ming China was largely an agricultural society and contemporary observers remarked that famine and subsequent hardship often gave rise to banditry.
Tong uses data from provincial and prefectural gazetteers of the Ming and the Qing Dynasties to analyze patterns of violence during the Ming Dynasty. He identifies multiple important factors in peasants' calculation of whether to become bandits or not, such as the government's ability to punish bandits. However, the Northern China and the middle Ming period Ś had their fair share of banditry.
Mounted banditry was the major and pervasive type of banditry plaguing roads around the capital Beijing and its surrounding areas, administrated and named as the Capital Region. Ming how to get hanuman darshan David M. Robinson identifies some prominent causes of banditry in the Capital Region. The Region what does a light blue aura mean agriculturally disadvantaged due to constant flood, and thus the peasants often lived in poverty.
In addition to the highly developed economy of Beijing, the Region also contained numerous commercial cities; these cities not only attracted merchants but also bandits. The Capital Region also housed a huge number of soldiers with Ming's system of hereditary military and a major portion of bandits were actually soldiers stationed in the region. During the Ming Dynasty, military and civil jurisdictions were separated.
One official reported that soldiers travelling by the Grand Canal from adjacent garrisons to the capital committed robbery and murder against civilian travelers and merchants; on the land, these soldiers had fallen into mounted banditry as well. As shown above, a large number of bandits were actually garrison soldiers and had access to and able usage of weapons and armors. Another skill was the ability to deploy road blocks to stop and prey on travelers.
Once they forcefully acquired goods and commodities, bandits had to sell them. One official report revealed that local people, some probably working as fences see Fences in Ming Chinapurchased stolen animals and goods from highway bandits at lower prices.
The career nor the identity of a bandit was permanent. Some bandits actually had a settled life and were even married.
Veritable Records of the Ming Dynasty relates that the great bandit Zhang Mao lived in a big mansion in his hometown Wenan. Bandits often operated in groups under one or more leaders. These charismatic leaders were not only skilled in fighting and riding but also possessed material and social capital. One exemplary leader was Zhang Mao of Wenan. He had assembled a massive following and by using his connection and wealth, he managed to bribe and befriend important eunuchs in the court.
Of course, the Ming government used a heavy hand to crack down on banditry. Local commanders and constables were responsible for apprehending bandits, but the emperors often dispatched special censors to cope with rampant banditry. In one occasion, the what shoes with navy suit eunuch Zhang Zhong what is the meaning of bandits his sworn brother Zhang Mao to negotiate with a commander sent to hunt down local bandits.
Through a well-planned raid, Ning Gao, a client of another powerful eunuch Liu Jin, successfully wounded and captured Zhang Mao, who was then transported to Beijing and executed. Even though bandits were subject to how to cook grilling steak punishment, they could still be incorporated into the regime, serving as local how to get a copy of va disability award letter forces and personal soldiers employed by officials to secure order and suppress bandits.
Tiger Yang once served as a personal military retainer of the aforementioned Ning Gao before turning to banditry; similarly, when facing unemployment, some of Ning's former "bandit catchers" simply joined the bandit leaders Liu Brothers.
The career of banditry often led leaders to assemble more bandits and army deserters and organize predatory gangs into active rebel groups. One example was Gao Yingxiang, who started as a mounted bandit in Shaanxi and later became an important rebel leader in late Ming. In andseveral bandit gangs under the leadership of Liu Brothers, Tiger Yang raided and plundered Shandong and Henan. Similarly, small groups of local bandits could also end up joining larger groups of rebels.
Robinson points out that bandits obviously perceived the benefits of supporting rebel cause but they also could be repelled to join; as a result, the s rebels attracted a lot of local bandits and outlaws as they moved from one place to another. Marauding was one of the most common peasant reactions to oppression and hardship. In early Republican Chinathe growth of warlord armies during the Warlord era was also accompanied by a dramatic increase in bandit activity exploiting the lawlessness.
Bythe total bandit population was estimated to be 20 million. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bandit disambiguation. Main article: Social bandit. Oxford English Dictionary Second online version ed. What is the meaning of bandits University Press. Retrieved 20 February A Companion to the Worlds of the Renaissance. ISBN Kansas City: University Press of Kansas. Journal of Social History. S2CID how to get skinny legs and thighs in a week Stanford,California: Stanford University Press.
Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. Journal of Asian History. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. Warfare and Culture in World History : Bandits in Republican China. Stanford University Press. Authority control NDL : Categories : Criminal law Robbery Outlaws. Hidden categories: Pages containing links to subscription-only content All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from March Articles with unsourced statements from August Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers.
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an armed thief, esp. (in older use) one who attacks people while they are traveling: Bandits attacked the travelers just outside of town. (Definition of bandit from the Cambridge Academic Content . 1. a robber, esp. a member of a gang or marauding band. 2. an outlaw. 3. Informal. a person who takes unfair advantage of others. one-armed bandit A slot machine, as in It's amazing how many people think they can make money playing a one-armed bandit. This term refers to both appearance and function: the operating lever looks like an arm, and the machine in effect robs players, since it "wins" and keeps the player's money in an overwhelming majority of instances.
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Synonym brigand literary. Want to learn more? A train traveling through the West was held up by masked bandits. At the wedding-feast she learns that he is a mere bandit, leader of a band of robbers that infests the country. He called to the rest of the bandits and gave crisp instructions. Holes were cut in the masks through which the bandits could see. The hero is a bandit and an outlaw, and he is doomed to failure because of the superior power of organised society arrayed against him.
Bandits attacked the travelers just outside of town. Translations of bandit in Chinese Traditional. See more. Need a translator? Translator tool. What is the pronunciation of bandit? Browse bandanna. Test your vocabulary with our fun image quizzes. Image credits. Word of the Day thermometer. Blog A new coat of paint: the language of decorating April 21, Read More. New Words gleefreshing. April 19, To top. English American Translations. Sign up for free and get access to exclusive content:.
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