Spironolactone: 7 things you should know
Apr 14, †∑ Spironolactone is a potassium-sparing diuretic (water pill) that prevents your body from absorbing too much salt and keeps your potassium levels from getting too low. Spironolactone is used to treat heart failure, high blood pressure (hypertension), or hypokalemia (low potassium levels in the blood).Brand names: Aldactone, CaroSpir. Apr 24, †∑ Spironolactone comes as an oral tablet and an oral suspension. Spironolactone is used to reduce swelling from liver disease and nephrotic syndrome. Itís also used to treat high blood pressure.
Medically reviewed by Sanjai Sinha, MD. Last updated on April 14, Spironolactone is a potassium-sparing diuretic water pill that prevents your body from absorbing too much salt and keeps your potassium levels from getting too low. Spironolactone is used to treat heart failurehigh blood pressure hypertensionor hypokalemia low potassium levels in the how to start a very small business. Spironolactone also treats fluid retention edema in people spironllactone congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, or a kidney disorder called nephrotic syndrome.
Spironolactone is also used spironolactoone diagnose or treat a condition in which you have too much aldosterone in your body. Aldosterone is a hormone spitonolactone by your adrenal glands to help regulate the salt and water balance in your body. You should use spironolactone with caution if you have kidney problems, high levels of potassium in your blood, Addison's diseaseif you are unable to urinate, or if you are also taking eplerenone.
Spironolactone has caused tumors in animals but it is not known whether spironolactkne could occur in people. Spiroonolactone not use this spironloactone for any condition that has not been checked by your doctor.
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Having congestive heart spironolactobe, cirrhosis, or uncontrolled high blood pressure during pregnancy may lead to medical problems in the mother or the baby. Your doctor should decide whether you whaat spironolactone if you are pregnant. Uxed spironolactone exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose.
This medicine can affect the results of certain medical tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using spironolactone. If you need surgery, tell your surgeon you currently use this medicine. You may need to stop for a short time. If you are being treated for high blood pressure, keep using this medication even if you feel well.
High blood pressure often has no symptoms. You may need to use blood pressure medication for the rest of your life.
Ussd the medicine as soon what are the effects of dry skin you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses at one time.
Avoid a diet high in salt. Too much salt will cause your body to retain water and can make this medication less effective. Avoid driving or hazardous activity until you know how spironolactone will affect you. Your reactions could be impaired. Avoid getting up too fast from a sitting or lying spironoladtone, or you may feel dizzy.
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to spironolactone: hives ; difficulty breathing; swelling of how to erase history on chrome face, lips, tongue, or throat.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical how to calibrate tissot t touch about side effects. Using spironolactone with other drugs that make you dizzy can worsen this effect. Ask your doctor before using opioid medication, a sleeping pill, a muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxietydepressionor seizures. NSAIDs nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - aspirinibuprofen AdvilFognaproxen Alevecelecoxibdiclofenacindomethacinmeloxicamand others.
This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with spironolactone, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitaminsand herbal products.
Not all possible drug interactions are listed here. Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use spironolactone only spirronolactone the indication prescribed.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Detailed Spironolactone dosage information. Spironolactone side effects more detail. Spironolactone drug interactions more detail. Drug Status Availability Prescription only Rx. Related Stories. Drug Class. Aldosterone receptor antagonists Potassium-sparing diuretics.
Harvard Health Publishing. Related: Acne. Mayo Clinic.
Spironolactone uses include treating high blood pressure and fluid retention, or edema. Spironolactone for edema works by helping the kidneys rid the body of excess fluid. It also treats a condition called hyperaldosteronism. By blocking aldosterone receptors, spironolactone counteracts high levels of aldosterone in this condition. Spironolactone is a potassium-sparing diuretic (water pill). It prevents your body from absorbing too much salt and keeps your potassium levels from getting too low. This medicine is also used to treat or prevent hypokalemia (low potassium levels in the blood). This medicine is available only with your doctorís prescription. Nov 25, †∑ Aldactone (spironolactone) is classified as a potassium-sparing diuretic. It is prescribed for the treatment of congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, and kidney disease. It can also be used in combination with other drugs to treat diuretic induced low potassium and high blood pressure.
Spironolactone has caused tumors in laboratory animals. Talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of using this medication for your condition.
Spironolactone is used to treat certain patients with hyperaldosteronism the body produces too much aldosterone, a naturally occurring hormone ; low potassium levels; heart failure; and in patients with edema fluid retention caused by various conditions, including liver, or kidney disease.
It is also used alone or with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Spironolactone is in a class of medications called aldosterone receptor antagonists. It causes the kidneys to eliminate unneeded water and sodium from the body into the urine but reduces the loss of potassium from the body. High blood pressure is a common condition and when not treated, can cause damage to the brain, heart, blood vessels, kidneys and other parts of the body.
Damage to these organs may cause heart disease, a heart attack, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, loss of vision, and other problems. In addition to taking medication, making lifestyle changes will also help to control your blood pressure. These changes include eating a diet that is low in fat and salt, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising at least 30 minutes most days, not smoking, and using alcohol in moderation. Spironolactone comes as a tablet and suspension liquid; Carospir to take by mouth.
It usually is taken once or twice a day. Take spironolactone suspension consistently either with food or without food each time. Take spironolactone at around the same time s every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand.
Take spironolactone exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor. Spironolactone tablets and suspension release the medication differently in your body and cannot be substituted for one another.
Only take the spironolactone product prescribed by your doctor and do not switch to a different spironolactone product unless your doctor says that you should. Spironolactone controls high blood pressure, edema, heart failure, and hyperaldosteronism but does not cure these conditions. It may take about 2 weeks or longer before the full effect of spironolactone occurs. Continue to take spironolactone even if you feel well.
Do not stop taking spironolactone without talking to your doctor. Spironolactone also is used in combination with other medicines to treat precocious puberty a condition causing children to enter puberty too soon, resulting in the development of sexual characteristics in girls usually younger than 8 years of age and in boys usually younger than 9 years of age or myasthenia gravis MG, a disease in which the nerves do not function properly and patients may experience weakness; numbness; loss of muscle coordination; and problems with vision, speech, and bladder control.
Spironolactone also may be used to treat certain female patients with abnormal facial hair. Talk to your doctor about the possible risks of using this medication for your condition. This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information. Follow your doctor's directions for your meals, including advice for a reduced-salt sodium diet and daily exercise program.
Avoid potassium-containing salt substitutes while you are taking this medication. Talk with your doctor about the amount of potassium-rich foods e. Take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule.
Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. Keep this medicine in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture not in the bathroom. It is important to keep all medication out of sight and reach of children as many containers such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers are not child-resistant and young children can open them easily.
To protect young children from poisoning, always lock safety caps and immediately place the medication in a safe location ó one that is up and away and out of their sight and reach. Unneeded medications should be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them.
However, you should not flush this medication down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through a medicine take-back program.
In case of overdose, call the poison control helpline at If the victim has collapsed, had a seizure, has trouble breathing, or can't be awakened, immediately call emergency services at Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your doctor will order certain lab tests to check your body's response to spironolactone.
Before having any laboratory test, tell your doctor and the laboratory personnel that you are taking spironolactone. Do not let anyone else take your medicine. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription. It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription over-the-counter medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements.
You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies. Spironolactone pronounced as spir on'' oh lak' tone. Why is this medication prescribed? How should this medicine be used? Other uses for this medicine What special precautions should I follow? What special dietary instructions should I follow?
What should I do if I forget a dose? What side effects can this medication cause? What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication? Brand names. Shake the oral suspension well before each use to mix the medication evenly. Your doctor may start you on a low dose of spironolactone and gradually increase your dose. Other uses for this medicine.
What special precautions should I follow? Before taking spironolactone, tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to spironolactone; any other medications; or any of the ingredients in spironolactone tablets. Ask your pharmacist for a list of the ingredients.
Your doctor may tell you not to take spironolactone if you are taking this medication. Your doctor may tell you not to take spironolactone.
If you become pregnant while taking spironolactone, call your doctor. Talk to your doctor about drinking alcohol while you are taking spironolactone. Spironolactone may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away: vomiting diarrhea stomach pain or cramps enlarged or painful breasts in men or women irregular menstrual periods vaginal bleeding in post-menopausal 'after the change of life', the end of monthly menstrual periods women difficulty maintaining or achieving an erection deepening of voice increased hair growth on parts of the body drowsiness tiredness restlessness Some side effects can be serious.
Symptoms of overdose may include the following: drowsiness confusion rash nausea vomiting dizziness diarrhea tingling in arms and legs loss of muscle tone weakness or heaviness in legs irregular or slow heartbeat. What other information should I know? Browse Drugs and Medicines.