Hookah Smoking and Its Risks
A hookah is a water pipe that is used to smoke sweetened and flavored tobacco. Other names for hookah are narghile, argileh, shisha, hubble-bubble, and Goza. The pipe is usually quite large and consists of a water chamber, a tobacco chamber, and one or more flexible tubes stemming from it that allow multiple smokers to inhale at the same time. Nationwide, an estimated , high school students, or %, and , middle school students, or % had smoked hookah in the past month. 8; Rates of use are similar among boys and girls, but significantly higher among Hispanic high school students (%) compared to white students (%). 1.
There seems to be a problem serving the request at this time. Eastern Native Americans are credited with creating the tobacco pipe; however, the practice of smoking a pipe spread throughout the world.
As the habit spread, different parts of the world would make pipes out of materials that they had available.
Therefore, if you are going to secure a collectible smoking pipe, you need to consider the parts of the vintage pipe, its construction materials, and its design. Regardless of its construction, almost all smoking pipes contain the same basic parts even if they are antique.
They are the following:. A variety of materials were used to make smoking pipes around the world by hand and by machine, including the following:. While there are many different styles of tobacco pipes, including those made of glass, silver metal, and silicone, many follow the same basic designs, which are the following:. Skip to main content. Shop by Category. Handmade see all. Not Specified. Brand see all. Condition see all. Please provide a valid price range. Buying Format see all.
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Sort: Best Match. Best Match. View: Gallery View. List View. Tobacco Pipe Vintage Dr. Vintage Kerry S. Free shipping. Only 1 left! Results Pagination - Page 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Top Rated. See All - Top Rated. You May Also Like. Cigar Collectibles. Cigarette Holder. Herb Grinder. Other Tobacciana. Collectible Tobacco Pipes Eastern Native Americans are credited with creating the tobacco pipe; however, the practice of smoking a pipe spread throughout the world.
What are some of the parts of an antique pipe? They are the following: Bowl: The exterior part holding the tobacco to be smoked. Chamber: The interior part holding the tobacco. Draught hole: The hollow tunnel connecting the chamber to the shank. Shank: The narrow chamber through which the smoke travels before being inhaled. Mortise: The interior tunnel connecting the mouthpiece and the chamber. Tenon: The notched part fitting inside the mortise.
Stem: The 3 card poker how to play piece of the pipe through which smoke travels when the pipe is smoked. Bit: The end of the pipe how to care for pachysandra ground cover the lips are placed when smoking. Bore: The inside portion of the bit.
What materials are vintage pipes made of? A variety of materials were used to make smoking pipes around the world by hand and by machine, including the following: Kaolin: This clay material for pipe tobacco that was also used to make fine china was favored in England, the Netherlands, and the United States.
Wood: Walnut, cherry, rosewood, and maple trees were carefully drained of their saps and allowed to dry before being carved into tobacco pipes mainly in Germany, Austria, and Hungary. Sometimes, pieces of antler or gold chain were added to these pipes. Porcelain: Often made in three pieces, these smoking pipes were especially popular in Germany where many artists painted scenes on them. Meerschaum: This soft, white stone is from Turkey, but most meerschaum pipes were carved in Austria.
Briarwood: This root of the heath bush was often used to make pipes for tobacco in France. Calabash: This South African gourd was often used to make pipes that were imported into the United States.
What are some common shapes of tobacco pipes? While there are many different styles of tobacco pipes, including those made of glass, silver metal, and silicone, many follow the same basic designs, which are the following: Billard: The straight bowl on these tobacco pipes are set at a degree angle to the straight shaft.
The bowl height and the shank length are usually equal. Bulldog: A square shank tapering into a round bowl creates this cool pipe. Rhodesian: A bent, round shank and a half-bent mouthpiece are found on these tobacco pipes. Canadian: A long, oval stem ending in a short-tapered mouthpiece are found on these tobacco pipes that are normally over 6 inches long.
Antler Pipe. Butz Choquin Pipe. Lovat Pipe. Ropp Pipe. Ardor Pipes. Carved Pipe. Mario Grandi Pipes. S Bang Pipes. Bamboo Pipe. Chacom Pipe. Neerup Pipes. Sherlock Holmes Pipe. Big Ben Pipe. Clay Pipe. Peterson Pipes. Straight Grain Pipe. Brebbia Pipes. Corn Cob Pipe.
Pipe Reamer. Tsuge Pipe. Briar Pipes. Freehand Pipes.
Start a hookah lounge by following these 9 steps:
Jul 12, · A hookah is a water pipe used to smoke tobacco. It’s also called a shisha (or sheesha), hubble-bubble, narghile, and goza. The word “hookah” refers to the pipe, not the contents of the pipe. Jan 27, · Also called a hookah cafe, a shisha bar, or a hookah den, a hookah lounge is a place where customers go to smoke shisha. This flavored tobacco is smoked through a pipe, and it can be shared by multiple people. Hookah lounges can charge by time, by pipe, or by tobacco amount. History of hookah tobacco. Hookah pipes have been used for centuries in social settings and for private enjoyment, but the shisha tobacco itself is a relatively new invention, having its origins stem back to the early 20th century. Prior to the invention of shisha, people smoked raw tobacco from hookah pipes. This was never an easy task to.
Tobacco smoking is the practice of burning tobacco and ingesting the tobacco smoke that is produced. The smoke may be inhaled, as is done with cigarettes , or simply released from the mouth, as is generally done with pipes and cigars. The practice encountered criticism from its first import into the Western world onwards but embedded itself in certain strata of a number of societies before becoming widespread upon the introduction of automated cigarette-rolling apparatus.
German scientists identified a link between smoking and lung cancer in the late s, leading to the first anti-smoking campaign in modern history, albeit one truncated by the collapse of Nazi Germany at the end of World War II.
Rates of consumption since in the developed world have either peaked or declined. Smoking is the most common method of consuming tobacco, and tobacco is the most common substance smoked.
The agricultural product is often mixed with additives  and then combusted. The resulting smoke is then inhaled and the active substances absorbed through the alveoli in the lungs or the oral mucosa. Many smokers begin during adolescence or early adulthood. After an individual has smoked for some years, the avoidance of withdrawal symptoms and negative reinforcement become the key motivations to continue. A study of first smoking experiences of seventh-grade students found out that the most common factor leading students to smoke is cigarette advertisements.
Smoking by parents, siblings and friends also encourages students to smoke. Smoking's history dates back to as early as — BC, when the agricultural product began to be cultivated in Mesoamerica and South America ; consumption later evolved into burning the plant substance either by accident or with intent of exploring other means of consumption.
Smoking in the Americas probably had its origins in the incense-burning ceremonies of shamans but was later adopted for pleasure or as a social tool. Eastern North American tribes would carry large amounts of tobacco in pouches as a readily accepted trade item and would often smoke it in ceremonial pipes , either in sacred ceremonies or to seal bargains. Apart from smoking, tobacco had a number of uses as medicine. As a pain killer it was used for earache and toothache and occasionally as a poultice.
Smoking was said by the desert Indians to be a cure for colds, especially if the tobacco was mixed with the leaves of the small Desert sage , Salvia dorrii , or the root of Indian balsam or cough root , Leptotaenia multifida , the addition of which was thought to be particularly good for asthma and tuberculosis.
In , six years after the settlement of Jamestown, Virginia , John Rolfe was credited as the first settler to successfully raise tobacco as a cash crop. The demand quickly grew as tobacco, referred to as "brown gold", revived the Virginia joint stock company from its failed gold expeditions.
This became a motivator to settle west into the unknown continent, and likewise an expansion of tobacco production. However, the practice was revived in with the invention of the cotton gin. Frenchman Jean Nicot from whose name the word nicotine is derived introduced tobacco to France in , and tobacco then spread to England.
The first report of a smoking Englishman is of a sailor in Bristol in , seen "emitting smoke from his nostrils". At the same time, caravans from Morocco brought tobacco to the areas around Timbuktu , and the Portuguese brought the commodity and the plant to southern Africa, establishing the popularity of tobacco throughout all of Africa by the s.
Soon after its introduction to the Old World, tobacco came under frequent criticism from state and religious leaders. Murad IV , sultan of the Ottoman Empire —40 was among the first to attempt a smoking ban by claiming it was a threat to public morals and health. The Chongzhen Emperor of China issued an edict banning smoking two years before his death and the overthrow of the Ming dynasty.
Later, the Manchu rulers of the Qing dynasty , would proclaim smoking "a more heinous crime than that even of neglecting archery". In Edo period Japan, some of the earliest tobacco plantations were scorned by the shogunate as being a threat to the military economy by letting valuable farmland go to waste for the use of a recreational drug instead of being used to plant food crops.
Religious leaders have often been prominent among those who considered smoking immoral or outright blasphemous. In , the Patriarch of Moscow forbade the sale of tobacco, and sentenced men and women who flouted the ban to have their nostrils slit and their backs flayed.
Despite some concerted efforts, restrictions and bans were largely ignored. From this point on for some centuries, several administrations withdrew from efforts at discouragement and instead turned tobacco trade and cultivation into sometimes lucrative government monopolies. By the midth century most major civilizations had been introduced to tobacco smoking and in many cases had already assimilated it into the native culture, despite some continued attempts upon the parts of rulers to eliminate the practice with penalties or fines.
Tobacco, both product and plant, followed the major trade routes to major ports and markets, and then on into the hinterlands. The English language term smoking appears to have entered currency in the late 18th century, before which less abbreviated descriptions of the practice such as drinking smoke were also in use.
Growth in the US remained stable until the American Civil War in s, when the primary agricultural workforce shifted from slavery to sharecropping. This, along with a change in demand, accompanied the industrialization of cigarette production as craftsman James Bonsack created a machine in to partially automate their manufacture. In Germany, anti-smoking groups, often associated with anti-liquor groups,  first published advocacy against the consumption of tobacco in the journal Der Tabakgegner The Tobacco Opponent in and In , Fritz Lickint of Dresden, Germany, published a paper containing formal statistical evidence of a lung cancer—tobacco link.
During the Great Depression Adolf Hitler condemned his earlier smoking habit as a waste of money,  and later with stronger assertions. This movement was further strengthened with Nazi reproductive policy as women who smoked were viewed as unsuitable to be wives and mothers in a German family.
There were social events like the smoke night which promoted the habit. The anti-tobacco movement in Nazi Germany did not reach across enemy lines during the Second World War, as anti-smoking groups quickly lost popular support.
By the end of the Second World War, American cigarette manufacturers quickly reentered the German black market.
Illegal smuggling of tobacco became prevalent,  and leaders of the Nazi anti-smoking campaign were silenced. Proctor as "muted". In , Richard Doll published research in the British Medical Journal showing a close link between smoking and lung cancer.
In , the British Doctors Study , a prospective study of some 40 thousand doctors for about 2. As scientific evidence mounted in the s, tobacco companies claimed contributory negligence as the adverse health effects were previously unknown or lacked substantial credibility.
Health authorities sided with these claims up until , from which they reversed their position. The Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement , originally between the four largest US tobacco companies and the Attorneys General of 46 states, restricted certain types of tobacco advertisement and required payments for health compensation; which later amounted to the largest civil settlement in United States history.
Social campaigns have been instituted in many places to discourage smoking, such as Canada's National Non-Smoking Week. Although the per-capita number of smokers decreased, the average number of cigarettes consumed per person per day increased from 22 in to 30 in This paradoxical event suggests that those who quit smoked less, while those who continued to smoke moved to smoke more light cigarettes.
In the developing world , however, tobacco consumption continues to rise at 3. As a result of public pressure and the FDA, Walmart and Sam's club announced that they were raising the minimum age to purchase tobacco products, including all e-cigarettes, to 21 starting 1 July Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana.
The genus contains a number of species, however, Nicotiana tabacum is the most commonly grown. Nicotiana rustica follows as second containing higher concentrations of nicotine. These leaves are harvested and cured to allow for the slow oxidation and degradation of carotenoids in tobacco leaf. This produces certain compounds in the tobacco leaves which can be attributed to sweet hay, tea, rose oil, or fruity aromatic flavors.
Before packaging, the tobacco is often combined with other additives in order to enhance the addictive potency, shift the products pH , or improve the effects of smoke by making it more palatable. In the United States these additives are regulated to substances. The active substances in tobacco, especially cigarettes, are administered by burning the leaves and inhaling the vaporized gas that results.
This quickly and effectively delivers substances into the bloodstream by absorption through the alveoli in the lungs. The lungs contain some million alveoli, which amounts to a surface area of over 70 m 2 about the size of a tennis court. This method is not completely efficient as not all of the smoke will be inhaled, and some amount of the active substances will be lost in the process of combustion, pyrolysis.
However, because of its higher alkalinity pH 8. The absorbed nicotine mimics nicotinic acetylcholine which when bound to nicotinic acetylcholine receptors prevents the reuptake of acetylcholine thereby increasing that neurotransmitter in those areas of the body.
However, since dopamine-releasing neurons are abundant on nicotine receptors, dopamine is released; and, in the nucleus accumbens , dopamine is associated with motivation causing reinforcing behavior. When tobacco is smoked, most of the nicotine is pyrolyzed. However, a dose sufficient to cause mild somatic dependency and mild to strong psychological dependency remains. There is also a formation of harmane an MAO inhibitor from the acetaldehyde in tobacco smoke.
This may play a role in nicotine addiction, by facilitating a dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens as a response to nicotine stimuli. As of , smoking was practiced by around 1. At current rates of 'smoker replacement' and market growth, this may reach around 1. Smoking may be up to five times more prevalent among men than women in some communities,  although the gender gap usually declines with younger age.
As of , about twenty percent of young teenagers 13—15 smoked worldwide. Half of those who begin smoking in adolescent years are projected to go on to smoke for 15 to 20 years. The World Health Organization WHO states that "Much of the disease burden and premature mortality attributable to tobacco use disproportionately affect the poor". Of the 1. Rates of smoking have leveled off or declined in the developed world. The WHO in projected Most smokers begin smoking during adolescence or early adulthood.
Some studies also show that smoking can also be linked to various mental health complications. The presence of peers that smoke and media featuring high-status models smoking may also encourage smoking. Because teenagers are influenced more by their peers than by adults, attempts by parents, schools, and health professionals at preventing people from trying cigarettes are often unsuccessful.
Children of smoking parents are more likely to smoke than children with non-smoking parents. Children of parents who smoke are less likely to quit smoking. Results showed that restrictive home smoking policies were associated with lower likelihood of trying smoking for both middle and high school students. Behavioural research generally indicates that teenagers begin their smoking habits due to peer pressure, and cultural influence portrayed by friends.
However, one study found that direct pressure to smoke cigarettes played a less significant part in adolescent smoking, with adolescents also reporting low levels of both normative and direct pressure to smoke cigarettes.
Within the to year-old age group, one peer pressure variable emerged as a significantly more important predictor of girls' than boys' smoking. Psychologist Hans Eysenck who later was questioned for nonplausible results  and unsafe publications   developed a personality profile for the typical smoker. Extraversion is the trait that is most associated with smoking, and smokers tend to be sociable, impulsive, risk taking, and excitement seeking individuals.
Some smokers argue that the depressant effect of smoking allows them to calm their nerves, often allowing for increased concentration. However, according to the Imperial College London , "Nicotine seems to provide both a stimulant and a depressant effect, and it is likely that the effect it has at any time is determined by the mood of the user, the environment and the circumstances of use.