What is floppy disk in computer

what is floppy disk in computer

History of the floppy disk

A floppy disk is a disk storage medium composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium encased in a rectangular plastic carrier. It is read and written using a floppy disk drive (FDD). Floppy disks were an almost universal data format from the s into the s, used for primary data storage as well as for backup and data transfers between computers. A floppy-disk controller (FDC) is a special-purpose chip and associated disk controller circuitry that directs and controls reading from and writing to a computer's floppy disk drive (FDD). This article contains concepts common to FDCs based on the NEC µPD and Intel A or A and their descendants, as used in the IBM PC and compatibles from the s and s.

A backup is made in case the hard disk file s are erased or damaged. Bluetooth - a way of communicating wirelessly over short distances between electronic devices for example computer and mobile telephone.

Instructions for startup are given to the computer from the boot disk, which is usually the hard disk. You use it to view or browse the Internet. CD-ROM - a disk for storing computer information. It looks like an audio CD. The original system used for PCs, where you typed in commands instead of pointing and clicking.

You can see email on the screen or print it out. It could contain data such as text e. It is floppy soft because it is plastic. Now virtually obsolete. See hard disk. Arial is a font. Times New Roman is another. Hard disks are pre-formatted by the computer manufacturer. If you buy a floppy disk that is not pre-formatted, you format it yourself, using a program that comes with your PC. It is hard because it is metal. See floppy disk.

Internet - Inter national net work of computers that you connect to by telephone line. Two popular services of the Internet are the World Wide Web and electronic mail. Kb, Mb, Gb - kilobytes, megabytes, gigabytes. Used to measure computer memory and storage. Kindle - a device for downloading and reading ebooksdeveloped by Amazon.

MHz - Megahertz. This how to stop a virus on the computer the speed of computer equipment. The higher the MHz the better the performance. You may need a modem to connect to the Internetto send electronic mail and to fax. OCR lets a PC read a fax or scanned image and convert it to actual lettering. PC card - a device that is the same size as a thick credit card, for plugging into a slot on notebook computers.

You can buy memorymodems and hard disks as PC cards. For example, printers, scanners and modems are peripherals. RAM is temporary. USB - abbreviation of "universal serial bus"; a standardized connection for attaching devices to computers etc. The Web is one of the services available on the Internet. It lets you access millions of pages through a system of links. EnglishClub : Learn English : Vocabulary : Topic : Computers Computer Vocabulary anti-virus software - a program that finds and removes viruses from a computer app - a self-contained program or piece of software; an application, especially when downloadable to a mobile device application - a self-contained program or piece of software backup - a copy of files from a computer's hard diskusually made on some external medium such as CD-ROM or flash drive.

Bluetooth - a way of communicating wirelessly over short distances between electronic devices for example computer and mobile telephone boot, boot up, boot disk - You boot or boot up your computer when you switch it on and wait while it prepares itself.

This is a PC's heart or "brains". PDA - abbreviation of "personal digital assistant" peripheral - any equipment that is connected externally to a computer.

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From last so many years the floppy disk and the slow RS serial communication was the unique means to transfer data from a computer to system. These days the floppy discs are phasing out and are very hard to find in computers and are rarely seen on any shops. Aug 30,  · A boot disk is a floppy or a CD that you can use to boot your computer into a state in which you can use it to fix a problem. There will be times that your computer . Apr 11,  · Floppy Emulator (Floppy Emulator_funlovestory.com). Swap your legacy diskette drive for the new USB floppy drive! From now on use reliable USB Sicks instead of vulnerable diskettes! Up to floppies can be stored on one single USB Stick! In the wake of constantly advancing USB technology, especially USB memory components.

Join , subscribers and get a daily digest of news, geek trivia, and our feature articles. By submitting your email, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Remember floppies? Back in the day, they were essential. Eventually, they were replaced, and floppy disk drives vanished from new computers. Before we begin, you should understand a huge caveat. Once you copy the data, you have to be able to read it. If you have 3.

This is the easiest format to work with. The 3. As a result, there are many semi-modern drives and solutions available. However, in our experience, these drives are often frustrating in their unreliability. So, before you dive in, read through some of the reviews. These vintage drives have much higher quality parts than the cheap USB drives now on Amazon.

Most are still supported as plug-and-play devices by Windows Perhaps you even have one sitting around. You can connect it to a generic floppy-to-USB adapter. You can rig an external power supply for the floppy drive with the proper adapter. Another option is to mount the drive and adapter internally in a computer case, and then use a SATA power adapter there. The trickiest part is making sure the LAN networking between your vintage and modern machines works properly.

It comes down to making Windows file sharing from different eras play nice with one another. If you have 5. This is because 5. It allows you to use an internal 5. Once you get it set up, the FC is definitely worth it, though. You can then use these with emulators or access them with a disk image tool, like WinImage.

The advantage of KryoFlux is it can back up copy-protected disks, or disks in many other system formats Apple II, C64, and so on , and it does so with a high degree of accuracy.

The KryoFlux does have a few drawbacks, though. The same as the 3. There are other options, though. One is uploading the files to an FTP server from the old machine, and then downloading them from that server to the newer computer.

The process of reading floppy disks on a Mac depends on which type of disk you want it to read. If you have 1. You can still find these for a reasonable price on eBay. There might be some technical work-arounds, including restoring HFS support, but these are complex, and options are still emerging. If you have or K Mac floppies, things get much more complicated.

The disk drives that wrote these used special encoding called GCR. With this device and the appropriate vintage drive, though, you can read your floppies into disk images that can be used with emulators or extracted with other tools. For all Mac Disks, your best bet might be to find a vintage Mac desk- or laptop with a 3. Try to locate a machine from the beige G3 era that still shipped with floppies.

LowEndMac also has a wonderful guide to Mac floppy disk formats. Good luck! The Best Tech Newsletter Anywhere. Join , subscribers and get a daily digest of news, comics, trivia, reviews, and more. Windows Mac iPhone Android. Smarthome Office Security Linux. The Best Tech Newsletter Anywhere Join , subscribers and get a daily digest of news, geek trivia, and our feature articles.

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