Which best describes Ulysses S Grant?
Apr 09, · With the benefit of historic hindsight, though, the “S” seems less mistake than prophecy. After Grant’s spectacular victory at the Battle of Fort Donelson, his initials were said to stand for “Unconditional Surrender,” in honor of his demand for the same from the confederate forces. Nov 17, · Instead of correcting the error, because he was afraid he would be kicked out of the school, Grant changed his name. The “S” became “Simpson,” his mother’s maiden name. That change would affect the lore of Grant, as many nicknames rose from the initials “U.S.,” including “Unconditional Surrender” Grant.
Ulysses S. As president, Grant was an effective civil rights executive who created the Justice Department and worked with the Radical Republicans during Reconstruction to protect African Americans. Raised in OhioGrant possessed an exceptional ability with horses, which served him well through his military career.
He was admitted to West Pointgraduated 21st in the class of and served with distinction in the Mexican—American War. Inhe married Julia Dentand together they had four children. Grant abruptly resigned his army commission in and returned to his family, but lived in poverty for seven years. He joined the Union Army after the Civil War broke out in and rose to prominence after winning several early Union victories on the Western Theater. In he led the Vicksburg campaignwhich gained control of the Mississippi River.
President Abraham Lincoln promoted him to lieutenant general after his victory at Chattanooga. For thirteen months, Grant fought Robert E. Lee during the high-casualty Overland Campaign and at Petersburg. On April 9,Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox. A week later, Lincoln was assassinated and was succeeded by President Andrew Johnsonwho promoted Grant to General of the Army in Later Grant openly broke with Johnson over Reconstruction policies; Grant used the Reconstruction Actswhich had been passed over Johnson's veto, to enforce civil rights for recently freed African Americans.
A war hero, drawn in by his sense of duty, Grant was unanimously nominated by the Republican Party and was elected president in As president, Grant stabilized the post-war national economy, supported ratification of the 15th Amendment, and crushed the Ku Klux Klan.
He appointed African Americans and Jewish Americans to prominent federal offices. Into help reduce federal patronage, Grant created the first Civil Service Commission. The Liberal Republicans and Democrats united behind Grant's opponent in the presidential election ofbut Grant was handily re-elected.
In Grant's foreign policy, the Alabama claims against Great Britain was peacefully resolved, but his prized Caribbean Dominican Republic annexation was rejected by the Senate.
Grant's responses to federal corruption charges were mixed, at times defending culprits, but Grant also appointed cabinet reformers, for example, for the prosecution of the Whiskey Ring. The Panic of plunged the nation into a severe economic depression that allowed the Democrats to win the House majority. In the intensely disputed presidential election ofGrant facilitated the approval by Congress of a peaceful compromise. In his retirement, Grant was the first president to circumnavigate the world on his tourmeeting with many foreign leaders.
InGrant was unsuccessful in obtaining the Republican presidential nomination for a third term. In the final year of his life, facing severe financial reversals and dying of throat cancer, he wrote his memoirswhich proved to be a major critical and financial success. At the time of his death, he was memorialized as a symbol of national unity. Militarily evaluated, Grant was a modern general and "a skillful leader who had a natural grasp of tactics and strategy.
Grant was ranked 38th in and but ranked 21st in Although critical of scandals and Grant's loyal defense of culprits, modern historians have emphasized Grant's two-term presidential accomplishments. These included Grant's what size auger for 4 inch post of African American civil rights, prosecution of the Klan, innovative Native American policy, and the settlement of the Alabama claims. To honor his father-in-law, Jesse declared the boy named Hiram Ulysses, though he would always refer to him as Ulysses.
In his youth, Grant developed an unusual ability to ride and manage horses. I was how to dress like the 70s in that school.
Grant's father wrote to Representative Thomas L. On September 14 Grant was enlisted Cadet "U. Grant" at the national academy. Initially, Grant was indifferent to military life, but within a year he reexamined his desire to leave the academy and later wrote that "on the whole I like this place very much". He was inspired both by the Commandant, Captain Charles F. Smith and by General Winfield Scottwho visited the academy to review the cadets.
Grant later wrote of the military life, "there is much to dislike, but more to like. Grant graduated on June 30,ranked 21st out of 39 in his class and was promoted the next day to the rank brevet second lieutenant.
He would later write to a friend that among the happiest days of his life were the day he left the presidency how to develop a search strategy the day he left the academy.
Grant's first assignment took him to the Jefferson Barracks near St. Louis, Missouri. Robert C. Buchanan fined Grant wine bottles for Grant's late returns from White Haven.
Kearnythe barracks was the nation's largest military base in the West. In Missouri, Grant visited Dent's family and became engaged to his sister, Juliain Grant's abolitionist father disapproved of the Dents' what is use of linux slaves, and neither of Grant's parents attended the wedding.
Louis when he decided, with a wife to support, that he would remain in the army. After rising tensions with Mexico following the United States annexation of Texaswar broke out in During the conflict, Grant distinguished himself as a daring and competent soldier.
Grant served as regimental quartermaster, but yearned for a combat role; when finally allowed, he led a charge at the Battle of Resaca de la Palma. Before leaving the city he assured some wounded Americans he would send for help.
During the war, Grant established a commendable record, studied the tactics and strategies of Scott and Taylor, and emerged as a seasoned officer, writing in his memoirs that this is how he learned much about military leadership. However, Grant also wrote that the Mexican war was morally unjust and that the territorial gains were designed to expand slavery, stating, "I was bitterly opposed to the measure Historians increasingly have pointed to the importance of Grant's experience as an assistant quartermaster during the war.
Although he was initially averse to the position, it prepared Grant in understanding military supply routes, transportation systems, and logistics, particularly with regard to "provisioning a large, mobile army operating in hostile territory," according to biographer Ronald White. Serving as assistant quartermaster made Grant a complete soldier, and learning how to supply an entire army gave Grant the training to sustain large armies.
Grant's first post-war assignments took him and Julia to Detroit on November 17,but he was soon transferred to Madison Barracksa desolate outpost in upstate New York, in bad need of supplies and repair. After four months, Grant was sent back to his quartermaster job in Detroit. Grant was charged with bringing the soldiers and a few hundred civilians from New York City to Panama, overland to the Pacific and then north to California. Julia, eight months pregnant with Ulysses Jr. While Grant was in Panama, a cholera epidemic broke out and claimed the lives of many soldiers, civilians, and children.
Grant established and organized a field hospital in Panama Cityand moved the worst cases to a hospital barge one mile offshore. His next assignment sent him north to Vancouver Barracks in the How to read an x ray ortho Territory. Buchanana martinet officer, with whom Grant had earlier crossed paths at Jefferson Barracks. Louis and reunited with his family, uncertain about his future.
Inat age 32, Grant entered civilian life, without any money-making vocation, to support his growing family. It was the beginning of seven years of financial struggles, poverty, and instability. Grant and Julia declined the offer. Grant farmed for the next four years using Julia's slave Dan, on his brother-in-law's property, Wish-ton-wishnear St.
Louis street corners. Inthe Grants moved to land on Julia's father's farm, and built a home called "Hardscrabble" on Grant's Farm. Julia described the rustic house as an "unattractive cabin", but made the dwelling as homelike as possible with the family's keepsakes and other belongings. The same year, Grant acquired a slave from his father-in-law, a thirty-five-year-old man named William Jones.
Louis, taking on a partnership with Julia's cousin Harry Boggs working in the real estate business as a bill collector, what organs does bronchitis affect without success and with Julia's prompting ended the partnership. He had thirty-five notable recommendations, but the position was given on the basis of political affiliation and Grant was passed over by the Free Soil and Republican county commissioners because he was believed to share his father-in-law's Democratic sentiments.
In AprilGrant and his family moved north to Galena, accepting a position in his father's leather goods business run by his younger brothers Simpson and Orvil. Grant's early efforts to be recommissioned were rejected by Major General George B. On April 29, supported by Congressman Elihu B.
Washburne of Illinois, Grant was appointed military aide to Governor Richard Yates and mustered ten regiments into the Illinois militia. On June 14, again aided by Washburne, Grant was promoted to Colonel and put in charge of the how to get started on photography 21st Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regimentwhich he soon restored to good order and discipline. Pillow forced a chaotic Union retreat.
Grant's troops fought their way back to their Union boats and escaped back to Cairo under fire from the fortified stronghold at Columbus. Columbus blocked Union access to the lower Mississippi. Grant and General James B. McPherson planned to bypass Columbus and with a force of 25, troops, move against Fort Henry on the Tennessee River.
They would then march ten miles east to Fort Donelson on the Cumberland Riverwith the aid of gunboats, opening both rivers and allowing the Union access further south. Grant presented his plan to Henry Halleckhis new commander in the newly created Department of Missouri.
However, after Halleck telegraphed and consulted McClellan about the plan, he finally agreed on the condition that the attack would be conducted in close cooperation with the navy Flag OfficerAndrew H. Grant then ordered an immediate assault on Fort Donelson, which dominated the Cumberland River. Fort Donelson, unlike Fort Henry, had a force equal to Grant's army. Unaware of the garrison's strength, Grant, McClernand, and Smith positioned their divisions around the fort. The next day McClernand and Smith independently launched probing attacks on apparent weak spots but were forced to retreat by the Confederates.
On February 14, Foote's gunboats began bombarding the fort, only to be repulsed by its heavy guns. Seizing the initiative, the next day, Pillow fiercely attacked and routed one of How to get wireless internet on a dell laptop divisions, McClernand's. Union reinforcements arrived, giving Grant a total force of over 40, men.
2. He was notoriously unlucky in business.
The “S” in Grant’s name didn’t stand for anything. Although he was always known as “Ulysses” during his youth in Ohio, Grant’s given name was actually Hiram Ulysses Grant. Jun 11, · What does the S mean in Ulysses S Grant? With the benefit of historic hindsight, though, the “S” seems less mistake than prophecy. After Grant's spectacular victory at the Battle of Fort Donelson, his initials were said to stand for “Unconditional Surrender,” in honor of his demand for the same from the confederate forces. Ulysses S. Grant was the 18th president of the United States following his success as military commander in the American Civil War. Under Grant, the Union Army defeated the Confederate military; the war, and secession, ended with the surrender of Robert E. Lee's army at Appomattox Court House. As president, Grant led the Radical Republicans in their effort to eliminate vestiges of Confederate .
After spending a decade in the army and serving with distinction in the Mexican-American War , Grant resigned his post in and spent the next seven years flopping as a farmer, real estate agent and rent collector. He once had to eke out a living by selling firewood on St.
Grant would later try his hand at business a second time after he left the White House , with equally disastrous results.
A financial firm he started with his son and a man named Ferdinand Ward went belly up after Ward fleeced its investors, and by , Grant was bankrupt. It was only after the posthumous publication of his memoirs that his fortune was restored.
Grant struggled to secure a field command at the outbreak of the Civil War, but was later placed in charge of a regiment of Illinois volunteers and quickly promoted to the rank of brigadier general. Before the war ended, Grant would accept the surrender of two more rebel armies at Vicksburg, Mississippi and Appomattox Court House , Virginia.
He swore off alcohol for most of the next decade, only to fall off the wagon during the Civil War. For his part, Abraham Lincoln appeared unperturbed by the gossip.
When a group of congressmen once alleged that Grant was a drunk, the President supposedly responded by asking what kind of whiskey the General preferred. Grant received numerous demerits for his unkempt uniforms during his days at West Point , and his distaste for military dress continued even after he assumed supreme command of the Union Army during the Civil War.
Despite being a potential target himself, he was convinced he would have somehow stopped John Wilkes Booth from pulling the trigger. When he accepted the surrender of Robert E. He even permitted the men to keep their horses and mules for use as farm animals. Grant believed leniency was critical to achieving a lasting peace, and he was furious when a federal grand jury later negated the terms of his agreement and charged Lee and several other Confederate generals with treason.
His time in charge of the Union Army notwithstanding, Grant was a political novice when he was inaugurated as the 18th president in Critics would later blame his lack of experience for the economic turmoil and scandals that dogged his administration, a claim that Grant himself acknowledged.
After the newly formed Ku Klux Klan began murdering and terrorizing black Americans in the lates, President Grant mobilized the Justice Department and secured thousands of indictments against their leaders. The law got its first test later that year, when Grant sent troops into South Carolina and ran thousands of Klansmen out of the state. Grant first began compiling his memoirs in the mids, after he wrote a series of popular articles about his Civil War experiences.
He was on the verge of signing a book deal with a magazine when novelist Mark Twain swooped in and offered a much more lucrative contract with his newly formed publishing firm Charles L. Grant took Twain up on his offer, and later finished the book just a few days before succumbing to cancer in July The Personal Memoirs of U.
Grant hit stores later the year, and was immediately hailed by Twain and others as a literary masterpiece. It was also a massive bestseller. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Live TV.
This Day In History. History Vault. He was notoriously unlucky in business. Grant won the first major Union victory of the Civil War. He struggled with alcohol throughout his life. Grant hated wearing army uniforms. He was supposed to be at the theater with Lincoln on the night of his assassination. Grant prevented Robert E. Lee from being charged with treason after the Civil War.
He had no political experience before becoming president. He was responsible for dismantling the KKK during Reconstruction. Mark Twain published his memoirs.