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Feb 22, аи Writing a literature review involves finding relevant publications (such as books and journal articles), critically analyzing them, and explaining what you found. There are five key steps: Search for relevant literature. Often, the literature review is where you can establish your research as filling a particular gap or as relevant in a particular way. You have some chance to do this in your introduction in an article, but the literature review section gives a more extended opportunity to establish the conversation in the way you would like your readers to see it.
This handout will explain what literature reviews are and offer insights into the form and construction of literature reviews in the humanities, social sciences, and sciences. And a review does not necessarily mean that your reader wants you to give your personal opinion on whether or not you liked these sources. A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period.
A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary vo synthesis. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information. It might give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations.
Or it might trace the intellectual progression of the field, including major debates. And depending on the situation, the literature review may evaluate the sources and advise the reader on the most pertinent or relevant. The main focus of an academic research paper is to develop a new argument, and a research paper is likely to contain a literature review as one of its parts. In a research paper, you use the literature as a foundation and as support for a new insight that you contribute.
The focus of a literature review, however, is to summarize and synthesize the arguments and ideas of others without adding new contributions. Literature reviews provide you with a handy guide to a particular topic. If you have limited time to conduct research, literature reviews can give you an overview or act as a stepping stone. Hiw professionals, they are useful reports that keep them up to date with what is current in the field. For scholars, the depth and breadth of the how to dissolve gallstones naturally at home review emphasizes the credibility of the writer in his or her field.
Comprehensive knowledge how to do a literture review the literature of the field is essential to most research papers. Literature reviews are written occasionally in the humanities, but mostly in the sciences and social sciences; in experiment and lab reports, they constitute a section of the paper. Sometimes a literature review is written as a paper in itself. What to do for a stingray bite your assignment is not very specific, seek clarification from your instructor:.
Look for other literature reviews in your area of interest or in the discipline and read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or ways to organize your final review. There are hundreds or even thousands of articles and books on most areas of study.
The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read tl order to get a good survey of the material. Keep in mind that UNC Libraries have research guides and to databases relevant to many fields of study. Some disciplines require that you use information that is as current as possible. In the sciences, for instance, treatments for medical problems are constantly changing according to the latest studies.
Information even two years old could be obsolete. However, if you are writing a review in the humanities, history, or social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be what is needed, because what is important is how perspectives have changed through the years or within a certain time period.
Try sorting through some other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects. You can also use this method to consider what is currently of interest to scholars in this field and what is not. A literature review, like a term paper, is usually organized around ideas, not the sources themselves as an annotated bibliography would be organized. This means that you will not just simply list your sources and go into detail what causes chest acne and how get rid of it each one of revview, one at a time.
As you read widely but selectively in your topic area, consider instead what themes or issues connect your sources together. Do they present one or different solutions? Is there an aspect of the field that is missing? How well do they present the material and do they portray it according to an appropriate theory? Do they reveal a trend in the field? A raging debate? Pick one of these themes to focus the organization of your review. A literature review may not have a traditional thesis statement one that makes an argumentbut you do need to tell readers how to do a literture review to expect.
Try writing a simple statement that lets the reader know what is your main organizing principle. Here are a couple of examples:. Now how many holidays a year are you entitled to is the most effective way of presenting the information?
What are the most important topics, subtopics, etc. And in what order should you present them? Develop an organization for your review at both a global and litertrue level:. The following provides a brief description of the content of each:. Once you have the basic categories in place, then you must consider how you will present the sources themselves within the body of your paper.
Create an organizational method to focus this section even further. To help you come up with an overall organizational framework for your review, consider the following scenario:. But these articles refer to some British biological studies performed on whales in the early 18th century.
So litertture check those out. Then you look up a book written in with information on how sperm whales have been portrayed in other forms of art, such as in Alaskan poetry, in French painting, or on whale bone, as the whale hunters in the late 19th century used to do.
This makes you wonder about American whaling methods during the time portrayed in Od Dick, so you find some academic articles published in the last five years on how accurately Herman Melville portrayed the whaling scene yo his novel.
Sometimes, though, you might need to add additional sections that are necessary for your how to reset trial version, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body.
What other sections you include in the body how to do a literture review up to you. Put in only what is necessary. Here are a few other sections you might want to consider:. Questions for Further Research: What questions about the field has the review sparked?
How will you further your research as a result of the review? There are a few guidelines you should follow during the writing stage as well.
Here is a sample paragraph from a literature review about sexism and language to illuminate the following discussion:. In the example above, the writers refer to several other sources when making their point. A literature review in this sense is just like any other academic research paper. Your interpretation of the available sources must be hod up with evidence to show that what you are saying is valid. Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review.
Falk and Mills do not use any direct quotes. That is because the survey nature of the literature review does not allow for in-depth discussion or detailed reivew from the text.
Some short quotes here and there are okay, though, if you want to emphasize a point, or if what the author said just cannot be rewritten in your own words.
Notice that Falk and Mills do quote certain terms that were ddo by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study. But if you find yourself wanting ilterture put in more quotes, check with your instructor. Remember to summarize literturr synthesize your sources within each paragraph as well as throughout the review. Notice that Falk and Mills weave references to other sources into their own text, but they still maintain their own voice by starting and ending the paragraph with their own ideas and their own words.
The sources support what Falk and Mills are saying. For more information, please see our handout on plagiarism. Draft in hand? Spending a lot of time revising is a wise idea, because your main q is to present the material, not the argument. Be sure to use terminology familiar to your audience; get rid of unnecessary jargon or slang.
Literrure tips on the revising and editing process, see our handout on revising drafts. We consulted these works while writing this handout. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. We what does a production coordinator do these tips periodically and welcome feedback.
Anson, Chris M. The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers6th ed. New York: Longman. New York: Harcourt Brace. Lamb, Sandra E.
Berkeley: Ten Speed Press. Rosen, Leonard J. Troyka, Lynn Quittman, and Doug Hesse. Simon and Schuster Handbook for Writers11th ed. London: Pearson.
You may reproduce it for non-commercial use if you use the entire handout and attribute the source: The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
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Why write a literature review?
A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources that provides an overview of a particular topic. Literature reviews are a collection of the most relevant and significant publications regarding that topic in order to provide a comprehensive look at what has been said on the topic and by whom.
A literature review requires a lot of research work. Most students contemplate it as the hardest and complicated part while writing a research paper.
Besides, you may also have to write it as a stand-alone assignment. Drafting a strong literature review is considered as the foundation of any research. It helps to evaluate existing research and tells your teacher how your research is relevant to the respective field. Moreover, it also discusses new insights that your research will contribute to the field of study.
Thus, a writer needs to be well prepared to utilize multiple scholarly sources to find the required research material. An organizational plan must also be developed to combine both the summary and synthesis of the previous literature. Keep on reading this complete guide to learning how to write a literature review paper in simple steps. A literature review is the research and evaluation of the available literature in your chosen topic area. It includes a survey of scholarly sources to provide an overview of the current research and available data and knowledge.
These sources include books, journal articles, and newspapers, that relate to your research question. Moreover, it not only summarizes the sources. But it also analyzes, interprets, and evaluates the relevant theories, methods, points of view, and gaps in the existing literature. However, this does not mean that a literature review is based on previous searches only. The writer discusses the research question and its various aspects and discusses the relevant study to support this claim.
Some of the key reasons to add a literature review into your research paper, thesis, and dissertation include:. The length of a literature review usually depends on the length of the research project. For example, if you are writing a research paper of 10 pages. You will have to include 5 to 6 sources in your literature review. However, consulting with the professor about proper requirements beforehand is a better way to avoid any last-minute issues.
Writing a literature review for a research paper requires you to search for literature. It should be relevant to your research problem and questions. Similarly, use the keywords to search for different sources. However, for writing a review as a stand-alone assignment, develop a research question that gives direction to your search.
Such a question must be answered without gathering original data. Instead, you should answer it by reviewing the existing material. Furthermore, create a list of keywords related to the topic and research question.
Find useful articles and check for the reference list to come up with more authentic sources. You probably would not be able to cover everything on the chosen topic. Thus, begin by reading the abstract to identify whether the article is relevant or not. Also, take enough time to evaluate the sources. Make a list of citations and ensure there are no repetitive authors, articles, or publications in the literature review.
Obviously, it is impossible to read each and every single thing written about the research topic. Instead, you have to analyze the sources that are most relevant to your research questions. Make sure you are using credible and authentic sources. Also, read the important publications and articles to justify your argument. Moreover, the scope of the literature review largely depends on the topic and discipline.
For example, science students only evaluate recent literary work to write their reviews. Nevertheless, the humanities students also have to study and discuss the historical research and perspective about the topic.
Begin the writing process along with searching and reading the relevant sources. Note down important information to use in the text of your literature review. It is better to cite your sources at this stage to avoid the risk of plagiarism. Moreover, it can also help in developing an annotated bibliography. Start organizing the argument and structure of a literature review. For this, you have to identify the connection between the sources that are used while writing an abstract.
There are various approaches that can be used to organize the literature review. Depending upon the length, it can follow a chronological, thematic, methodological, or theoretical framework. It is the simplest approach to structure your literature review.
However, do not just summarize and list the sources. Instead, analyze the critical debates, research, and patterns that have shaped the direction of the field. Also, discuss your interpretation of the developments.
This type of approach helps to organize the review into subsections. Each section will discuss a different aspect of the chosen topic. It helps to compare the outcomes of gathering sources from different research methods. It may include the analysis of:.
A literature review is often used to discuss various theories and key concepts. By using this approach, you can argue the relevance of a particular theoretical method. Similarly, you can also combine different theories to make a new framework for your research. Like any other academic paper, a literature review format must have three sections: introduction, body section, and a conclusion. What to include in each section depends on the aims and objectives of your literature review.
If your literature review is part of your thesis or dissertation, restate the research question. Similarly, briefly summarize the whole context by highlighting literature gaps. If you are writing a standalone literature review, provide background information on the topic.
Also, discuss the scope of the literature and your research objectives. Divide the body into subsections for each theme or a methodological approach.
While writing the body of a literature review, keep in mind the following things. While writing a conclusion for a dissertation or thesis, demonstrate the research gaps and your contributions. Also, discuss how you have developed the research framework by using the theories and methods. However, a conclusion of a stand-alone literature review will discuss the overall implications and suggestions for future research.
It will help you ensure that the paper does not miss anything important and is free from grammatical, and spelling mistakes. The above guide will definitely help you understand what a literature review is and how to write one. Here are some literature review examples and samples for you to learn the detailed structure.
The following are some common mistakes that should be avoided while writing a perfect literature review. There is a considerable amount of effort that goes into the literature review writing process. It is a complicated academic assignment that you get at high school, college, or university. Some students lack good writing skills and for some, it is just a boring task.
Thus, they look for professional help to deal with such a complex assignment. This detailed guide will help you learn how to do a literature review in no time. However, you can take help from an essay writing company that can help you write perfect literature reviews for research papers.
The expert writers at MyPerfectWords. By choosing us, you will realize that buying a literature review has never been easier than it is now. We can also provide you with an example of a literature review to get a better idea. Simply, place your order now and get a high-quality literature review at affordable rates.
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